Waste loads continue to increase

Waste loads continue to increase

In the past 30 years, Hong Kong’s MSW increased by 68% while our population grew by 32%. The per capita MSW disposal of Hong Kong is much higher than those of other major cities.

Alleviate pressure on landfills

Alleviate pressure on landfills

Our landfills receive large quantity of waste, consuming manpower and resources. The need to reduce waste disposal has become ever more imminent and acute.

Charging scheme is workable

Charging scheme is workable

The quantity of waste disposal in other major cities has dropped significantly after the implementation of MSW charging. Local trials on MSW charging have also achieved desirable results.

Other places as examples

Seoul

Seoul of South Korea has implemented a quantity-based MSW charging system since 1995. Domestic households and small commercial establishments (< 300kg of waste per day) have to buy and use designated garbage bags for waste disposal.

Implemented
in 1995


Charged by designated garbage bags

About KRW25 per litre (HK$0.16) in 2020
[depending on region]

Waste reduction/ recycling results

In Seoul, the recycling rate increased from 29% to 66% in 15 years since the implementation of the MSW charging system and the associated complementary measures in 1995.

Seoul’s per capita disposal rate of household garbage fell 74% from 1.3 kg to 0.34 kg between 1994 and 2011.



Taipei City

Taipei City has implemented a per-bag-waste charging system since 2000. Domestic households and small commercial establishments (<30kg of waste per day) have to use designated garbage bags (capacity from 3-litre to 120-litre) for waste disposal.

Implemented
in 2000


Charged by designated garbage bags

About NT$0.36 per litre (HK$0.09) in 2020

Waste reduction/ recycling results

In Taipei City, the recycling rate increased from 2.4% in 1999 to 61% in 2011 after the implementation of MSW charging and associated complementary measures in 2000.

Taipei City’s per capita disposal rate of household garbage fell 65% from 1.11 kg to 0.39 kg between 2000 and 2011.

Hong Kong experience

Community Involvement Projects

Big Waster Image

Since 2015, Environment and Conservation Fund (ECF) has been funding non-profit-making organisations and bodies to carry out Community Involvement Projects in different types of premises, so as to try out MSW charging in actual settings, and help the public to get prepared for the implementation of MSW charging after the Amendment Bill is passed.

Through the Community Involvement Projects, the public can have a better understanding of MSW charging, whilst experiencing and practising the charging arrangements in real life situation. Dummy designated garbage bags of different sizes are provided for the participants to try out the charging arrangements. Various publicity and public education activities are organised to enrich participants’ understanding of MSW charging, source separation of waste and clean recycling, and to encourage all sectors to value resources and reduce waste in order to achieve “Dump Less, Save More”.

Premises for Community Involvement Projects

As at mid-January 2021, more than 180 projects involving around 1,000 various premises have been approved, covering five various sectors including residential estates with property management companies, rural and other low density residential buildings, singleblock buildings, commercial and industrial premises, and public institutions. The total funding support involved is around $150 million.

Around 120 funded projects have been completed. The waste disposal quantity of participating premises from completed projects reduced by about 10% and their amount of recyclables increased by about 20% in general. While Community Involvement Projects are voluntary in nature and do not involve real charging, we expect that actual waste reduction upon the implementation of MSW charging may be more significant.

We have organised experience sharing sessions and invited relevant organisations and stakeholders from various sectors to exchange and share their experiences on implementing/practising MSW charging. We will optimise the “Best Practices Guides” based on their experiences for different stakeholders’ reference in preparing for implementation of MSW charging.

A Sketch Map of Community Involvement Project for Municipal Solid Waste Charging
Opening ceremony cum carnival

Opening ceremony cum carnival

Promotion and education activities

Promotion and education activities

Briefing session on MSW charging scheme

Briefing session on MSW charging scheme

Recruitment of participants

Recruitment of participants

Briefing for the participants on 'Pay-As-You-Throw' measures

Briefing for the participants on “Pay-As-You-Throw” measures

Trial and monitoring the usage of designated garbage bags

Trial and monitoring the usage of designated garbage bags

Collecting views of the participants on the trials

Collecting views of the participants on the trials

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Charging Trial Projects

To enable different stakeholders to try out MSW charging in real life situation, the Environmental Protection Department (EPD) has partnered with associated sectors to launch trials since the fourth quarter of 2018.

Rural Areas

Rural Area Trial Projects

  • - Allow villagers to more proactively practise waste reduction and recycling, better understand and get prepared for the implementation of MSW charging
  • - Try out the arrangements of MSW charging in rural areas
  • - Recruit supporters to assist in promoting MSW charging
  • Coverage:
  • - Around 100 rural villages
Public Rental Housing Estates

Public Rental Housing (PRH) Estate Trial Projects

  • - Allow PRH residents as well as other relevant stakeholders, e.g. property management staff and cleansing staff, to better understand and get prepared for the implementation of MSW charging
  • - Try out the operational arrangements of MSW charging in PRH estates
  • Coverage:
  • - Around 150 PRH buildings by phases
Shopping Malls

Shopping Mall Trial Projects

  • - Allow stakeholders, e.g. property management staff, cleansing staff and private waste collectors, to better understand and get prepared for the implementation of MSW charging
  • - Try out the operational arrangements of MSW charging in shopping malls
  • Coverage:
  • - 2 shopping malls
Catering Trade

Catering Trade Trial Projects

  • - Allow stakeholders, e.g. management, frontline restaurant staff and cleansing staff, to better understand and get prepared for the implementation arrangements for MSW charging
  • - Try out the operational arrangements of MSW charging in various types and scales of restaurants
  • Coverage:
  • - 16 restaurants of various types and scales
Partnership Organizations

Partnership Organizations (Listed in alphabetical order):

  • Environmental Association
  • Environmental Contractors Management Association
  • Federation of Hong Kong Property Management Industry
  • Green Council
  • Heung Yee Kuk
  • Hong Kong Association of Property Management Companies
  • Hong Kong Cleaning Association
  • Hong Kong Federation of Restaurant & Related Trades
  • Hong Kong Green Shop Alliance
  • Hong Kong Productivity Council
  • Hong Kong Waste Disposal Industry Association
    Housing Department
    Institution of Dining Art
    The Association for the Hong Kong Catering Services Management
    The Association of Restaurant Managers
    The Federation of Environmental And Hygienic Services
    The Hong Kong Association of Property Services Agents
    The Hong Kong Chamber of Cleansing Contractors
    World Green Organisation
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