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Waste loads continue to increase

In the past 30 years, Hong Kong's MSW increased by 70% while our population grew by 32%. The per capita MSW disposal of Hong Kong is much higher than those of other major cities.

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Alleviate pressure on landfills

Our landfills receive large quantity of waste, consuming manpower and resources. The need to reduce waste disposal has become ever more imminent and acute.

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Charging scheme is workable

The quantity of waste disposal in other cities dropped significantly after the implementation of MSW charging. Local trials on MSW charging have also achieved desirable results.

Other places as examples

Seoul

Seoul of South Korea has implemented a quantity-based MSW charging system in since 1995. Domestic households and small commercial establishments (< 300kg of waste per day) have to buy designated garbage bags for waste disposal.

Implemented
in 1995


Charged by designated garbage bags

About KRW22 per litre (HK$0.15)

Recycling results

In Seoul, the recycling rate increased from 29% to 66% in 15 years since the implementation of the MSW charging system and the associated complementary measures in1995.

Seoul's per capita disposal rate of household garbage fell 74% from 1.3 kg to 0.34 kg between 1994 and 2011.



Taipei City

Taipei City has implemented a per-bag-waste charging system since 2000. Domestic households and small commercial establishments (<30kg of waste per day) have to use designated garbage bags (capacity from 3-litre to 120-litre) for waste disposal.

Implemented
in 2000


Charged by designated garbage bags

About NT$0.36 per litre (HK$0.09)

Recycling results

In Taipei City, the recycling rate increased from 2.4% in 1999 to 61% in 2011 after the implementation of MSW charging in 2000.

Taipei City's per capita disposal rate of household garbage fell 65% from 1.11 kg to 0.39 kg between 2000 and 2011.

Hong Kong experience

Community Involvement Projects

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Environment and Conservation Fund (ECF) has since 2015 been funding non-profit-making organisations and bodies to carry out Community Involvement Projects in different types of premises, so as to try out MSW charging in actual settings and help the public prepare for the charging scheme.

Through the Community Involvement Projects, the public can have a better understanding of MSW charging, whilst experiencing and practising the charging arrangements in real life situation. The Community Involvement Projects consist of three parts, including preparation stage, trial and post-trial evaluation. Upon the completion of post-trial evaluation, project organizations shall submit a completion report and a best practice guide. The relevant experiences will provide useful reference, and facilitate the government to refine the "Best Practice Guides" being developed for reference by various stakeholders.

As at mid-September 2018, more than 80 projects involving over 700 various premises have been approved, covering five various sectors including residential estates with property management companies, rural and other low density residential buildings, singleblock buildings, commercial and industrial premises, and public institutions. The total funding support involved is around $75 million.

Around 30 funded projects have been completed. The waste disposal quantity of participating premises from completed projects reduced by about 10% and their amount of recyclables increased by about 20% in general. While Community Involvement Projects are voluntary in nature and do not involve real charging, we expect that actual waste reduction upon the implementation of MSW charging will be more significant.

We will organise experience sharing sessions and invite relevant organisations and stakeholders from various sectors to exchange and share their experiences on implementing MSW charging. We will optimise the “Best Practices Guides” based on their experiences for different stakeholders’ reference in preparing for implementation of MSW charging.

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Opening ceremony cum carnival

Promotion and education activities

Briefing session on MSW charging scheme

Recruitment of participants

Briefing for the participants on "Pay-As-You-Throw" measures

Trial and monitoring the usage of designated garbage bags

Collecting views of the participants on the trials

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Charging Trials

To enable different stakeholders to try out MSW charging in a real life situation, the Environmental Protection Department (EPD) is partnering with associated sectors to launch trials starting from the fourth quarter of 2018.

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Rural Area Trial

  • - Promote MSW charging in rural areas
  • - Collect views from rural villagers on compliance and implementation arrangement of MSW charging in rural areas
  • - Recruit supporters to assist in promoting MSW charging
  • Coverage:
  • Around 100 rural villages
  • Timetable:
  • 12-month programme
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Public Rental Housing (PRH) Estate Trial

  • - Allow PRH residents to understand and get prepared for implementation arrangements for MSW charging.
  • - Try out the operation arrangements of MSW charging in PRH estates
  • Coverage:
  • 10 PRH estates:
  • - First phase: 3 estates, with 1 block from each estate
  • - Second phase: 7 estates, with 1 block from each estate
  • Timetable:
  • - 12-month programme including:
  • - First phase: 6 months
  • - Second phase: 6 months
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Shopping Mall Trial

  • - In response to the modified arrangements for MSW charging, shopping malls will simulate the use of designated garbage bags for waste disposal
  • - Allow stakeholders (e.g. cleansing workers and private waste collectors) to better understand and get accustomed to the associated work procedures
  • Coverage:
  • 2 shopping malls
  • Timetable:
  • - 9-month programme
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Catering Trade Trial

  • Allow restaurants of various types and scales to try out the use of designated garbage bags for waste disposal, so that they can better understand the associated work procedures
  • Coverage:
  • Around 16 restaurants, including Chinese restaurants, non-Chinese restaurants, Hong Kong style tea-houses and other types of restaurants
  • Timetable:
  • 9-month programme
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Partnership Organizations (Listed in alphabetical orders):

  • Environmental Association
  • Environmental Contractors Management Association
  • Federation of Hong Kong Property Management Industry
  • Green Council
  • Heung Yee Kuk
  • Hong Kong Association of Property Management Companies
  • Hong Kong Cleaning Association
  • Hong Kong Federation of Restaurant & Related Trades
  • Hong Kong Green Shop Alliance
  • Hong Kong Productivity Council
  • Hong Kong Waste Disposal Industry Association
    Housing Department
    Institution of Dining Art
    The Association for the Hong Kong Catering Services Management
    The Association of Restaurant Managers
    The Federation of Environmental And Hygienic Services
    The Hong Kong Association of Property Services Agents
    The Hong Kong Chamber of Cleansing Contractors
    World Green Organisation

Details and background information about the trial projects, please refer to the newsletter for trial projects (Chinese only).

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Wong Kam Sing