MSW disposal rate: 11,358tonnes/day
Per capita MSW disposal rate: 1.53kg/person/day
Recovery rate: 31%
In line with the "polluter-pays" principle, all waste disposed of by residential and non-residential premises (including commercial and industrial sectors) in Hong Kong will be subject to charging based on its quantity.
MSW charging covers the following waste:
such as household waste and waste generated from daily activities in institutional premises (e.g., schools)
Commercial & Industrial Waste
such as waste arising from shops, restaurants, hotels, offices, markets in private housing estates and all industrial activities
To gradually reduce the per capita MSW disposal rate by 40-45%, and increase the recovery rate to about 55% through implementing MSW charging, other policies and regulations, waste reduction and recycling measures, and conducting publicity and education, etc.
To move away from reliance on landfills in the long run and achieve "Zero Landfill" by developing adequate waste-to-energy facilities in around 2035
The bill of the Waste Disposal (Charging for Municipal Solid Waste) (Amendment) Ordinance 2021 (Amendment Ordinance) to implement MSW charging was passed by the Legislative Council (LegCo) on 26 August 2021. The preparatory period has begun. We are now actively taking forward relevant preparatory work to enable the Government, various stakeholders and the public to prepare for the implementation of MSW charging.
To complement the preparatory work of MSW charging, certain provisions of the Amendment Ordinance have come into operation on 1 September 2022, e.g. provisions relating to the selling price of designated bags and designated labels and establishing registration arrangements for "gate-fee", etc. Meanwhile, we also make notices on the following matters, including specifying the requirements on the designs, sizes, etc. for the designated bags and designated labels and the prescribed signs to be exhibited on different refuse collection vehicles, refuse collection points and specified bins, as well as the ways of exhibition. The EPD will explain the relevant details to different stakeholders through various channels such as briefings, so as to assist them to carry out the necessary preparation work.
We have consulted the Panel on Environmental Affairs of the LegCo and will implement MSW charging on 1 April 2024.
There are two charging modes, i.e. (i) charging by designated bags/ designated labels, and (ii) charging by weight through "gate-fee". The applicable charging mode depends on the waste collection services used by the waste producers.
(i) Charging by designated bags/ designated labels
(ii) Charging by weight through "gate-fee"